LOS ANGELES – The FBI says scammers are using deep forgery technology in order to apply for remote tech jobs.
According to Latest announcement from the FBI on their Internet Crime Complaint Centermore and more companies have reported people applying for jobs using images, videos and recordings that have been manipulated to look like someone else.
What is a deep fake?
Deepfakes are described by Microsoft as “photos, videos or audio files manipulated by artificial intelligence (AI) in ways that are difficult to detect”.
The most common deepfakes – a word that combines computer deep learning and fake – replace the real person in a video with someone else. And they can be used very effectively to make it look like someone, usually a famous person, is saying and doing something they’ve never said or done. Or used as blackmail in a deepfake pornography scheme.
Typically, deepfake videos are created using facial mapping and artificial intelligence to create eerily similar digital mockups of a person in order to impersonate them.
Deepfake videos were previously flagged as a growing threat to US national security when a House Intelligence Committee audience in 2019 issued a public warning about the deceptive powers of artificial intelligence software.
The House committee’s warning came after a grossly edited video of House Speaker Nancy Pelosi, D-California, which at the time had millions of views on social media, showed the politician scrambling words. Although the video was debunked as fake, it was already spreading misinformation quickly, alarming lawmakers and experts.
“Deepfakes include a video, image, or recording that has been convincingly altered and manipulated to depict someone doing or saying something that was not actually done or said,” the FBI explains.
How to spot a deepfake?
Technology becomes uncomfortably compelling.
A TikTok account featuring deepfake videos of actor Tom Cruise has gained huge following, but it has serious implications.
To the untrained eye, most people watching these TikTok videos would think they were watching real-life actor Tom Cruise golf, perform magic tricks, and tell jokes. But look closer and you can see tiny imperfections in the recreation of her voice, exaggerated mannerisms, a slightly different body type, and other small anomalies.
In job interviews reported by the FBI, complaints include voice impersonation during online interviews and other qualities that baffled interviewees.
But there are signs to watch out for. “In these interviews, the actions and lip movement of the person being interviewed on camera do not completely coordinate with the audio of the person speaking. Sometimes actions such as coughing, sneezing, or other auditory actions are not aligned with what is presented visually,” the FBI wrote.
“Deepfake technology has reached a point where the authenticity of a video is nearly impossible to confirm as genuine,” Brandon Hoffman, director of information security at Netenrich, a cybersecurity firm, told Fox News.
“The media doesn’t want to be the unwitting participants in the widespread panic… With deepfakes, they are in a position where they have to decide, without any technology to help them confirm authenticity, whether or not to release a piece with video. which could be wrong,” Hoffman said.